Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula. Vietnam Facts: Economy The main agricultural products are rice, coffee, tea, pepper as well as soybeans, cashews, peanuts and rubber. 22. Local Time GMT +7. 35. 14. 24. Perhaps inspired by the success of Asia's capitalist "tiger economies," however, the Vietnamese recently declared a policy of economic liberalization and joined the World Trade Organization. The next … The Vietnam War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.. See the fact file below for more information on the Vietnam War or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Vietnam War worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. Between 1788 and 1802, peasant revolts, small local kingdoms, and chaos prevailed in Vietnam. Vietnam is a colorful city with a tumultuous history and a diverse culture. The body of their first president Ho Chi Minh (Uncle Ho) was embalmed, and is on display in a mausoleum. The tremendous capacity of its people to meet the most desperate challenges, is likely to lead Vietnam … Vietnam (Vietnamese: Việt Nam, [vîət nāːm] ()), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is a country in Southeast Asia and the easternmost country on the Indochinese Peninsula.With an estimated 96.2 million inhabitants as of 2019, it is the 15th most populous country in the world. Its official currency is Dong (VND). Vietnam has played a role in modern history and ancient history alike. Here are 11 things you should know to understand some of the nuances of this beautiful culture. All Rights Reserved. Many great dynasties followed, until the Chinese Ming came into power in 1407. In the western world, the word "Vietnam" is almost always followed by the word "War." Lizard fishing is one of Vietnam’s most widespread hobbies. 34. General Facts about Vietnam Below are some general info such as total population, land area, biggest lake, highest mountain and other general facts about Vietnam that might be interesting to know. A total of 44.3% of the labor force works in agriculture, 22.9% works in industry, and 32.8% works in the service sector. 18. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. 21. However, there’s most to this city than what can be captured in a play or a moment of history. Vietnam’s street food culture is quite popular and considered by many to be one of the best in the world. Wonderful country with a huge potential. The Bin Chau Hotsprings are hot enough to boil eggs. In religious construction, pagodas are for worship and offerings, while temples are built to honor historical figures. The Vietnamese wanted independence, so this touched off the First Indochina War (1946–1954). 5. Temperatures do not vary much throughout the year, generally, with an average around 23°C (73°F). 4. 7. History, as you’ll learn in this gallery of Vietnam War facts, didn’t happen the way you think it did. According to a legend which first appeared in the 14th century book Lĩnh nam chích quái, the tribal chief Lộc Tục (c. 2919 – 2794 BC) proclaimed himself as Kinh Dương Vương and founded the state of Xích Quỷ in 2879 BC, that markes the beginning of the Hồng Bàng dynastic period. Thu Phap calligraphy involves “blowing beauty into every single character.”. In 1954, the French withdrew and Vietnam was partitioned with the promise of democratic elections. Vietnam is a densely populated developing country that has been transitioning since 1986 from the rigidities of a centrally planned, highly agrarian economy to a more industrial and market based economy, and it has raised incomes substantially. The Nine Dynastic Urns symbolize sovereignty and are each named after an Emperor. 39. Modern Vietnam was born upon the Proclamation of Independence from France in 1945. They also have a “love market” festival that is observed to commemorate a tragic forbidden love story and to give modern-day ex-lovers a chance to meet on neutral territory. The Ly invaded Champa and also moved into Khmer lands in what is now Cambodia. Surfnetkids » Almanac » History » 10 Facts About the Vietnam War. They admire the longevity of turtles and believe that keeping tortoiseshells at home will prolong their lives as well. 36. In 1225, the Ly were overthrown by the Tran Dynasty, who ruled until 1400. Trust is a long process. Construction styles vary from traditional stilt houses and Chinese style pagodas to colonial French architecture and thin tube houses. The most people know about Vietnam is either its hard fought civil war, with one side backed by the US, or the award-winning Broadway play the depicted that, Miss Saigon. Its official name is the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Tet Nguyen Dan (or simply Tet) is the most important festival in Vietnam. The highest point is Fan Si Pan, at 3,144 meters (10,315 feet) in elevation. Vietnamese is the official language of Vietnam. Vietnam has a long history of affiliating with a dominant civilization and adapting that civilization’s ideas, institutions, and technology to Vietnamese purposes. Area 329,560sqkm. Early History of Vietnam In Vietnam, the first people to live there can be traced back 5,000 years. In Vietnam it’s known as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War. Vietnam's people and economy were devastated by the process of decolonization and decades of war, but today, the country is well on its way to recovery. When cooking a pig, the entire animal is used including the innards. Vietnam war history In the North Vietnamese side they had 10 times as many deaths as the South. This war is commonly known as the Vietnam War and the Second Indochina War in the United States. There are a lot of stories you’ve never heard and a whole pile more that you have heard but incorrectly. 0 Shares. The Dong Tam snake farm and the living museum was established in 1979 and is responsible for conserving the species and finding antidotes to their venom. They believe that they are bringing luck and health. Some of the largest groups are the Tay, 1.9%; Tai, 1.7%; Muong, 1.5%; Khmer Krom, 1.4%; Hoa and Nung, 1.1% each; and Hmong, at 1%. 26. The top court is the Supreme People's Court; lower courts include provincial municipal courts and local district courts. France ’s military activity in Vietnam began in 1847, when the French Navy attacked Danang harbour in response to Emperor Thieu Tri’s suppression of Catholic missionaries. Politically, Vietnam is a one-party communist state. The majority of the land is hilly or mountainous and heavily forested, with only about 20% flatlands. English is increasingly popular as a second language. The red background pays tribute to the bloodshed during the wars. Artifacts of human habitation in what is now Vietnam date back more than 22,000 years, but it is likely that humans have lived in the area for much longer. And although the war, which lasted for close to two decades (1955-1975), has been covered extensively by historians over the years, there are still some very important details that have gone unnoticed. 6. 13. Total Population : 94,569,072 Originally, Vietnam ended at the 17th parallel, but it gradually conquered all the area southward along the coastline of the South China Sea and west to Cambodia. As in China, however, the economy is increasingly capitalistic. Those Vietnamese who identify with a particular religion report their affiliations as follows: Vietnamese folk religion, 73.2%; Buddhist, 12.2%, Catholic, 6.8%, Cao Da, 4.8%, Hoa Hao, 1.4%, and less than 1% Muslim or Protestant Christian. The first dynasty that many consider to be the start of the Vietnamese state was the Hong Bang Dynasty which was ruled by the legendary Hung kings. Vietnam's longest-reigning Dynasty, the Le, next ruled from 1428 to 1788. Vietnam fun facts: the lucky symbol in Vietnam is a tortoise When we were looking for interesting facts about Vietnam, we noticed that Vietnamese people love tortoises. 30. In 1428, they were defeated by the Lê Dynasty, who later conducted the invasion of Champa in 1471. 12. Traditional Vietnamese culture revolves around the core values of humanity, community, harmony, and family. Saigon was seized in early 1859 and, in 1862, Emperor Tu Duc signed a treaty that gave … The Tran famously defeated three Mongol invasions, first by Mongke Khan in 1257–58, and then by Kublai Khan in 1284–85 and 1287–88. The principle of yin and yang is also applied in composing a meal, to provide contrasts in spiciness and temperature of the food. China conquered the northern part of modern Vietnam in 111 BC and retained control until 938 AD; it continued to exert some control over the Vietnamese until 1885. The Ming Dynasty of China managed to take Annam in 1407 and controlled it for two decades. Even so, after the end of the war, with the armistice between the south and the north, the Vietnam War was marked by morale and public opinion as the first defeat in US military history. Vietnam was declared to be the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The Vietnam War began on November 1, 1955, and ended April 30, 1975. Vietnam War (1960–1975): Military and Diplomatic Course The Vietnam War was the longest deployment of U.S. forces in hostile action in the history of the American republic. Facts at a Glance. Climate North Vietnam has Southern Mediterranean type climate. 11. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. However, the North under communist leader Ho Chi Minh invaded the U.S.-supported South later in 1954, marking the beginning of the Second Indochina War, also called the Vietnam War (1954–1975). The official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese, which is part of the Mon-Khmer language group. Vietnam is non-religious due to its communist government. However, in this case, Karl Marx's antipathy to religion is overlaid on a rich and varied tradition of different Asian and Western faiths, and the government recognizes six religions. At the end of the Second World War, France demanded the return of its colonies in French Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos). 16. The food in Vietnam is as fascinating and vibrant as … 17. 8. South Vietnam has a tropical monsoon climate. Artifacts of human habitation in what is now Vietnam date back more than 22,000 years, but it is likely that humans have lived in the area for much longer. It has an area of 331,210 square km. The Vietnam War started in the 1950s, according to most historians, though the conflict in Southeast Asia had its roots in the French colonial period of the 1800s. 10. Their flag consists of a golden star with five points to represent farmers, workers, intellectuals, youth, and soldiers. 10 Sobering Facts about the Vietnam War The Vietnam War was a military conflict between North Vietnam and U.S.-aided South Vietnam from 1955–1975. In 207 BCE, the first historic kingdom of Nam Viet was established in northern Vietnam and southern China by Trieu Da, a former governor for the Chinese Qin Dynasty. Exports from Vietnam include clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil … Vietnam's unicameral legislature, the National Assembly of Vietnam, has 496 members and is the highest branch of the government. The Vietnamese currency is the dong. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Vietnam is also home to the world’s largest cave, Son Doong. Hanoi is the country’s capital and Ho Chi Minh City is its largest city. 20. Legend has it that the peoples of this land originated from a union between an immortal Chinese princess and “The Dragon Lord of the Seas.”2. As of 2019, 1 USD = 23216 dong. Their famous Dong Son drums are a relic of the sophisticated Bronze Age culture between 500 BC and 300 AD. Who Were the Viet Cong and How Did They Affect the War? Maritime traders, the Sa Huynh exchanged merchandise with peoples in China, Thailand, the Philippines, and Taiwan. Vietnam is a country rich in history and traditions, dating back thousands of years and instilled with a deep respect for the land, the sea and their ancestors. It celebrates rebirth and is an equivalent of the Lunar New Year. 25 Nov. Hello! Fansipan, also known as The Roof of Indochina is the highest mountain peak in the region. Leave a Comment. The Hoan Kien turtle is one in only four known living ones from its species. 12 Vietnam War Facts for Kids The Vietnam war was fought between November 1st, 1955 and April 30th, 1975. The Forbidden Purple City is a walled fortress and palace in Hue that was only accessible to the royal family and their eunuch servants. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. 27. The weather tends to be humid year-round, with substantial rainfall during the summer rainy season and less during the winter "dry" season. 1954: The French were defeated and left Vietnam. Between 39 and 43 CE, sisters Trung Trac and Trung Nhi lead a revolt against the Chinese and briefly ruled independent Vietnam. In terms of area, the country is 128,455 square miles and is … Their cuisine is well known for its balance of the five Asian elements; spicy, sour, bitter, salty and sweet. The main trading partners of Vietnam are China, Japan, South Korea and the USA. A conference of world leaders decided to divide Vietnam into two separate states. 31. The My Son Sanctuary is a structural display of Hindu tower temples developed over ten centuries. Vietnam has a rich and diverse culture, stunning natural scenery, adventurous cuisine, and a vibrant art and craft scene. Vietnam's climate varies with both latitude and elevation, but generally, it is tropical and monsoonal. Since the 1970s, Vietnam has slowly liberalized its economic system and recovered from decades of war. Vietnam was first ruled by the Hung Dynasty, in the 3rd century BC. This "Third Chinese Domination" lasted through 905 CE when the Khuc family overcame the Tang Chinese rule of the Annam area. To the south of the Dong Son were the Sa Huynh people (c. 1000 BCE–200 CE), ancestors of the Cham people. 37. Water puppetry is another popular art form that dates back as far as the 11th century. Archaeological evidence shows that bronze casting in the area began around 5,000 BCE and spread north to China. Even the judiciary falls under the National Assembly. 40. Elephant rides are another very popular local activity often enjoyed by tourists. However, the Han Dynasty conquered Nam Viet in 111 BCE, ushering in the "First Chinese Domination," which lasted until 39 CE. Vietnamese was written in Chinese characters until the 13th century when Vietnam developed its own set of characters, chu nom. The country has a population of 92,700,000, which makes it the 14th largest country in the world by population. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. 23. They depart at the end of the Lunar Year to report their findings to Ngoc Hoan, The Jade Emperor. 3. The Southeast Asian country of Vietnam is one of the world’s fastest-growing tourist destinations. Vietnam has now established diplomatic relations with 164 countries, trade relations with over 100 countries, and has attracted foreign investment from more than 50 countries and territories. The conflict has deep historical roots, most recently the First Indochina War between the communist North and the French-backed South, and the subsequent splitting of Vietnam into North and South. The lowest point is sea level at the coast. With an immensely rich culture, Vietnam fascinates with its communist history, the devastation marked by the Vietnam War, and the renewed economic center in Ho Chi Minh, with marked French influence. With these 51 interesting facts about Vietnam, explore how fascinating the country has become over the years; with beautiful scenery, amazing cuisine, and an awesome kaleidoscope of cultures that you definitely need to experience for yourself! Vietnam borders China, Laos, and Cambodia. Vietnamese traditional fashion is easily distinguished by the flowing robes (Ao Dai) and conical hats (Non La). 38. However, modern Vietnamese historians assume, that statehood was only developed in the Red River Delta by the second half of 1st millennium BC. Spoken Vietnamese is tonal. 25. 28. Vietnam flourished, triggering the beginning of the historical golden era. Vietnam exports clothes, shoes, crude oil, and rice. As of 2018, Vietnam has about 94.6 million people, of whom more than 85% are ethnic Kinh or Viet people. Tiet Canh is a traditional Vietnamese dish made from fresh animal blood. Vietnam history stretches back more than 2,000 years, perhaps as early as the Bronze Age. Snake wine, which is made by steeping whole snakes in rice wine for their venom or essence, is commonly drunk for health, vitality and restorative purposes. Most cities and farms are concentrated around river valleys and deltas. Khmer Rouge: Regime Origins, Timeline, and Fall, Timeline of the Vietnam War (Second Indochina War), Biography of Vo Nguyen Giap, Vietnamese General, Biography of Ho Chi Minh, President of North Vietnam, Dongson Culture: Bronze Age in Southeast Asia. Religion Buddhism, Taoism, and Catholic. Captivating facts about the southeast country of Vietnam. Vietnam has an area of 331,210 sq km (127,881 sq miles), along with the eastern coastal strip of Southeast Asia. The Le Dynasty instituted Confucianism and a Chinese-style civil service exam system. There are many interesting facts about the Vietnam War which many people don’t know – let’s explore some of the lesser-known facts about this period of history. 32. The Han Chinese defeated and killed them in 43 CE, however, marking the beginning of the "Second Chinese Domination," which lasted until 544 CE. Additionally, it is referred to as, The Second Indochina War. 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