Timbuktu is a significant starting-point for reflecting on Africa’s written traditions. Timbuktu was a thriving centre of scholarship instrumental to the spread of Islam in Africa. Timbuktu was captured by the French in 1894. Inside the illegal trade in West Africa’s cultural heritage, Why some young Nigerians are using cannabis as a normal part of life, Video vixens and cash: how Nigerian hip hop music objectifies women, African Crossroads December gathering program highlights, Morocco football federation helps clubs with training centres. 7 Answers. Merchants from Ghudāmis (Ghadamis; now in Libya), Augila (now Awjidah, Libya), and numerous other cities of North Africa gathered there to buy gold and slaves in exchange for the Saharan salt of Taghaza and for North African cloth and horses. After two weeks he departed, becoming the first explorer to return to Europe with firsthand knowledge of the city (rumours of Timbuktu’s wealth had reached Europe centuries before, owing to tales of Mūsā’s 11th-century caravan to Mecca). 2/28/2011 01:49:41 am. Timbuktu was an important city in West Africa because it was a major trading city for Africa and the trade network. Timbuktu sits about 12 miles north of the River Niger and as of 2014 is a very … Timbuktu, French Tombouctou, city in the western African country of Mali, historically important as a trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan route and as a centre of Islamic culture (c. 1400–1600). The collections include manuscripts about art, medicine, philosophy, and science, as well as copies of the Quran. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It was the capital of Ghana.b. Timbuktu was so important because it was considered a hub for Islamic learning and trading. French colonization at the close of the 19th century dealt another serious blow to the former glories of Timbuktu. why is the city of timbuktu important and what is the most important university at timbucktu. An even greater threat came in 2012 when Tuareg rebels, backed by Islamic militants, took control of the northern part of the country. Today it is a city in the country of Mali . Omissions? He is believed to be the grandson of Sundiata, the founder of the dynasty. Timbuktu became famous in the 15th century because of the booming gold and salt trade in the Sahara region at that time. Mansa Musa was the leader of Mali a West African empire which became the largest and richest empire in Africa under Mansa Musa. Sort fact from fiction—and folklore—in this quiz about Africa. Work to repair the damage began after the militants were routed from the town in early 2013. The mosque still stands today, probably because of al-Sāḥili’s directive to incorporate a wooden framework into the mud walls of the building, thus facilitating annual repairs after the rainy season. Timbuktu’s location at the meeting point of desert and water made it an ideal trading centre. Pop. Timbuktu - Mali. Gold, ivory and kola nuts passed through Timbuktu, but the most important commodity was salt. European explorers reached Timbuktu in the early 19th century. The city became part of the Mali Empire in the 14th century thanks to its trade in ivory, gold and salt. Timbuktu was considered a very important place due to its geographic position in West Africa as a major economic city during the 15th and 16th centuries. Occupying a strategic location in the Sahara, it served as a convenient meeting place for neighboring civilizations, nomadic Berber and Arab peoples from the north. A caretaker praying over a tomb that was damaged by Islamic militants in 2012, Timbuktu, Mali. Inscribed: 1988. The sand swept city of Timbuktu. tsv pd 7. timbucktu is place where there was a lot of trade.also because it helped with trade and import. It is called the medieval pearl of Mali, a harbor in the desert, and for European merchants, Timbuktu was a golden city. Discoverers of the 19th century were disappointed – the … Reply. A melting pot for knowledge and commercial hub with rich African heritage. In the late 13th or early 14th century it was incorporated into the Mali empire. Timbuktu was important as a crossing place for major camel caravan routes and as a salt distribution centre. Leading me into a small room in his modest house, the man lifted the lid on an old trunk filled with manuscripts. The city welcomed everyone which contributed to its economic growth. Its location was at a major crossroads of the Sahara Desert. The importance of Timbuktu to African heritage is priceless due to its historic position in West Africa as a major economic city during the 15th and 16th centuries. He was the Emperor of Mali in the 14 century, founder to Timbuktu as a trading center in North Africa through the Sahara. After a shift in trading routes, the town flourished from the trade in salt, gold, ivory and slaves from several towns and states such as Begho of Bonoman, Sijilmassa, and other Saharan cities. It was also considered a vitally important city for the spread of Islam in Africa, due to the efforts of the University of Sankore. It is located on the southern edge of the Sahara, about 8 miles (13 km) north of the Niger River. But what it should also bring to mind is EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENC Timbuktu was important to Songai for it's location between the salt mines in Northern Africa, and Gold Fields in the south. It was important in spreading Islam through Africa at that time. 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