Maia (meaning "the great one") is the Italic goddess of spring, the daughter of Faunus, and wife of Vulcan. Maia was a shy goddess, dwelling alone in a cave situated close to the peak of Mount Kyllene. [12], In an archaic Roman prayer,[13] Maia appears as an attribute of Vulcan, in an invocational list of male deities paired with female abstractions representing some aspect of their functionality. You can learn more about the similarities between Greek and Roman Gods here. She causes the plants to grow through Her gentle heat, and the month of May is probably named for Her. Her name means "She Who is Great", and is related to Oscan mais and Latin majus, both of … Chthonic deity [6]. There is not a lot of surviving mythology about Maia. - Roman Goddess. One reason for this was because of a coincidence of etymology. Maia and Hermes In Greek mythology, Maia is one of the Pleiades and the mother of Hermes. Female: Mantus: the Manes; the Lares; ghosts, restless spirits and undead; Mantus: Mantus was the Roman god of the dead and ruler of the underworld. 10. 938; Apollod. Mantus: Meditrina: Meditrina was the Roman goddess of wine, health, longevity, healing and medicine. The Major Gods & Goddesses in Roman Mythology Apollo . According to Thalia Took, “Maia is the Oscan Earth-Goddess, and an ancient Roman Goddess of springtime, warmth, and increase. [17], The month of May (Latin Maius) was supposedly named for Maia, though ancient etymologists also connected it to the maiores "ancestors", again from the adjective maius, maior, meaning those who are "greater" in terms of generational precedence. 10. Maia is a Goddess of Growth and Increase. [21], One of the seven Pleiades sisters and the mother of Hermes from Greek mythology, The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of, Although the identification of Mercury is secure, based on the presence of the, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maia&oldid=992861478, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia references cleanup from May 2017, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from May 2017, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:21. She became pregnant with Hermes. Maia is the greek goddess of nurture and it is this philosophy that flows through everything the company does, offering a home for a new generation of original, authored, bold voices telling authentic stories that impact the world today. iii. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable ELIZABETH KNOWLES Bacchus. "[6] Because they were daughters of Atlas, they were also called the Atlantides.[7]. Hermes was the son she had following an affair with Zeus. In Roman mythology, Maia is a goddess associated with Vulcan and also (by confusion with the Greek goddess) with Mercury, the Roman equivalent of Hermes. A female given name from Latin of recent usage. Find out what the relationships were between all of the principle Roman gods and goddess who are referred to as the 'Dei Consentes'. Hermes and Maia, detail from an Attic red-figure amphora (c. 500 BC) Photo Bibi Saint-Pol Both Mercury and Maia were honoured…. It is even rumored that Maia was the ancient and original name of the original Bona Dea whose name was so sacred it was forbidden to be spoken aloud. This Maia was the mother of Hermes, the messenger of the Gods. Maia is the daughter of Atlas[2] and Pleione the Oceanid,[3] and is the oldest of the seven Pleiades. [4] They were born on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia,[5] and are sometimes called mountain nymphs, oreads; Simonides of Ceos sang of "mountain Maia" (Maiados oureias) "of the lovely black eyes. She was one of the Goddesses known as “Bona Dea” or Good Goddess whose rites were restricted to women. Maia refused to believe Apollo when he claimed that Hermes was the thief, and Zeus then sided with Apollo. Maia was the name of one of the Pleiades, seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione. in Merc. There Mercury was associated with Maia, who became identified as his mother through her association with the Greek Maia, one of the Pleiades, who was the mother of Hermes by Zeus; likewise, because of that Greek connection, Mercury was considered the son of Jupiter. (Hom. 219; Horat. Background and Personal Life . Together they form the … She causes the plants to grow through Her gentle heat, and the month of May is probably named for Her. You work hard for your health. She was the mother of the Olympian Hermes by Zeus, as such she features in myths about his birth and early life. Ceres. In ancient Roman religion and myth, Maia embodied the concept of growth, as her name was thought to be related to the comparative adjective maius, maior "larger, greater". Od. In Roman myth, Mercury (Hermes), the son of Maia, was the father of the twin Lares, a genealogy that sheds light on the collocation of ceremonies on the Kalends of May. Di inferi. Chthonic deity [6]. It is the fourth brightest star in the Pleiades cluster. Maia is also associated with fertility and growth (particularly in Roman mythology. Both Mercury and Maia were honoured… 1, 2. The month of May is named after her. Maia and Jupiter or Caelus and Dies (Cicero and Hyginus) Consort: Larunda: Children: Lares: Equivalents; Greek equivalent: Hermes: Hinduism equivalent: Budha: Norse equivalent : Wodin: Seated Hermes, excavated at the Villa of the Papyri. [9] The story of Callisto and Arcas, like that of the Pleiades, is an aition for a stellar formation, the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, the Great and Little Bear. She is typically represented as a fertility Goddess associated with Spring and the month of May. With the same root as the word “majesty,” Goddess Maia represents the peak of spring’s fertility and blooming. Di inferi. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Maia-Roman-goddess. Faustitas, goddess who protected herd and livestock. The goddess Maia was also a midwife, (Maia also means midwife in Greek), bringing new life into the world, her name is also linked to ‘μαῖα’ (maia), a title, in ancient Greece, for older women. § 2; Tzetz. Di inferi. Chthonic deity [6]. Mania Manea is a Goddess of the Underworld and the dead. In Greek mythology, Maia is the eldest of the seven daughters of the pre-Olympian Titan, Atlas and the nymph, Pleione. Maia (Maya) Zodiac Print of the ancient Roman goddess Maia, from which the month May gets its name, 1698, The British Museum From the Latin adjective maior (‘greater’) comes the name of the minor Roman deity Maia (Maya), who was associated with the earth, natural power, and growth. In ancient Roman religion and myth, Maia embodied the concept of growth, [11] as her name was thought to be related to the comparative adjective maius, maior, "larger, greater. [20] On May 15, the Ides, Mercury was honored as a patron of merchants and increaser of profit (through an etymological connection with merx, merces, "goods, merchandise"), another possible connection with Maia his mother as a goddess who promoted growth. When she was living in the cave, she gave birth to the god Hermes in secret. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 435, Hymn. The Roman goddess:In Roman Mythology, Maia Maiestas was an earth goddess. By Jupiter, she was the mother of Mercury. Arcas, the son of Zeus by Callisto, was given to her to be reared. Theog. She was explicitly identified with Earth (Terra, the Roman counterpart of Gaia) and the Good Goddess (Bona Dea) in at least one tradition. A star in the constellation Taurus. She was explicitly identified with Earth (Terra, the Roman counterpart of Gaia) and the Good Goddess (Bona Dea) in at least one tradition. Arcas is the eponym of Arcadia, where Maia was born. MAIA (Maia or Maias), a daughter of Atlas and Pleione (whence she is called Atlantis and Pleias), was the eldest of the Pleiades, and in a grotto of mount Cyllene in Arcadia she became by Zeus the mother of Hermes. the God of the Sun, poetry, music and oracles. the Goddess … [15] This treatment was probably influenced by the 1st-century BC scholar Varro, who tended to resolve a great number of goddesses into one original "Terra". Goddess Maia. In Roman culture, Maia was honored beyond her role as the mother of Mercury. 66 Maja, a main belt asteroid. Fauna, goddess of prophecy, but perhaps a title of other goddesses such as Maia. Originally, she may have been a homonym independent of the Greek Maia, whose myths she absorbed through the Hellenization of Latin literature and culture. As a Roman goddess, however, Maia is also called Maia Maiestas, meaning the “good goddess”, “great or powerful”, “more” or “she who is great”. Originally, she may have been a homonym independent of the Greek Maia, whose myths she absorbed through the Hellenization of Latin literature and culture. 3; Hes. Maia would be named as Greek goddess of nursing mothers, making Maia one of a number of goddesses associated with motherhood in the Greek pantheon, alongside the likes of Leto and Tethys. Maia[1] /ˈmeɪ.ə/ (Greek: Μαῖα; Latin: Maia), in ancient Greek religion, is one of the Pleiades and the mother of Hermes. Our mission and commitment is to offer high quality, effective, natural products that help women thrive. § 2, 8. ad Lycoph. P ronounced MAY-ah, the Goddess Maia comes to us from Greek and Roman mythology. Some scholars have spoken of a ‘divine marriage’ between Celtic goddesses and Roman gods. Maia also raised the infant Arcas, the child of Callisto with Zeus. 11 May sacrifice day to Mania, possibly as part of the public Lemuralia ceremony. Throughout history, May has been a month of celebrations, and in Roman, Greek, and Celtic traditions, Goddess Maia has represented sexuality, creativity, and growth. Juno is the principle goddess of the Roman Pantheon. The Greek nymph Maia was the mother of Hermes (in Roman religion, he was called Mercury) with Zeus and was associated, by the Romans, with the goddess of spring, Maia Maiestas. The goddess known as Maia among the Romans may have originated independently, but attracted the myths of Greek Maia because the two figures shared the same name. xiv. the God of Wine. Maia: Maia was the Roman goddess of growth. In an archaic Roman prayer, Maia appears as an attribute of Vulcan, in an invocational list of male deities paired with female abstractions representing some aspect of their functionality. 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